CNS Injury, Repair and Inhibition, Excitation

CNS Injury

Acute central nervous system (CNS) injuries consist (of) stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury. Early brain injury is a main cause of disability and death for patients of stroke or traumatic brain injury. The procedure of initial brain damage after stroke and trauma are compound, and endure imperfectly understood. A spinal cord injury damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and additional body tasks below the place of the trauma.

  • Primary Injury
  • Secondary Injury
  • Focal Injury
  • Diffuse Injury
  • Open / Penetrating Injury
  • Closed / Non-Penetrating Injury

Repair and Inhibition

It associates to the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues, cells or cell products. Such mechanisms may include generation of new neurons, glia, axons, myelin, or synapses. Neuroregeneration differs between the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and the central nervous system (CNS) by the functional mechanisms involved, especially in the extent and speed of repair. If an axon is injured, the distal segment will undergo Wallerian degeneration, misplacing its myelin sheath. The primal segment can either die by apoptosis or undergo the chromatolytic reaction, which is an attempt at repair. In the Central Nervous System, synaptic stripping happens as glial foot procedures invade the deceased synapse.

Inhibition is the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part.

Excitation

The electrical activity elicited in a neuron or muscle cell in response to an external stimulus, specifically the propagation of an action potential.

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